What are Patents, and How Long are They in Force?

A patent is an exclusive right to an idea, product or process that is given and registered by law in order to prevent other persons or entities from using or benefiting from it for a specified time. Patents are usually in force for a period of 20 years from the enforcement date, and during this time, no other persons or entities can benefit from the same idea or product without receiving specific permission from the patent holder, which may include paying a stated fee to the patent owner.

In the U.S.A. patents are applied for and given by the U.S. Government Patent Office, which gives the patent owner the right to effect a law suit against anyone who tries to benefit from the patented item or concept without the patent holder’s owner.

Once a patent has been granted, after paying the required registration fees, persons desiring to use or benefit from the patented concept, design, or article must obtain a patent usage license from the patent holder. This license enables the person or entity to utilize the item or concept upon which a patent was issued as described in https://www.macobserver.com/why-turn-to-inventhelp-with-your-tech-invention-idea/ post.

When applying for a patent, especially in the U.S.A., a written application is filed with a branch of the U.S. Patent Office, which includes a full description of product or idea. The written description of the item or concept receiving a patent is called the patent specification and may include a full description of the item being patented. In the U.S.A., the written description must include the most effective quality and use of the item.

Patents are usually applied for by a patent agency, such as InventHelp, or attorney, who is given the authority to act on behalf of the inventor or concept creator in order to deal with any objections by the patent office over whether the item in question is worthy of receiving a patent.

In addition to the fee required to register the patent, annual renewal fees are usually also required. The cost to register and maintain a patent n the U.S.A., including the patent application and re-examination processing fee, can run from US$ 1,600 to 2,600. This sum does not include the services of a patent attorney, patent search fee (around US$ 100) and an international search report (about $400-500) if required.

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